A b Germanic languages: conjugate Old Swedish verbs.
Many words related to seafaring were borrowed from Dutch.Om en sörlänning dräps eller en engelsman, skall han böta fyra marker till målsäganden och två marker till konungen.These features of Old Swedish are still found in modern Icelandic and Faroese ; the noun declensions are almost identical.About twenty verbs belong to this class.The numbers 2129, 3139, and so on are formed in the following way: n ( twr, rr, etc.) ok tiughu, n ok rtighi, etc.Dræpar maær danskan man allæ noræn man, bøte niv markum.
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Most of the texts from the Early Old Swedish period were written in Latin, as it was the language of knowledge and the Church.The phonological and grammatical systems inherited from Old Norse were relatively well preserved and did not experience any major changes.Unlike in modern Swedish, a short vowel in Old Swedish did not entail a long consonant.Old Gutnish and, elfdalian began to diverge from Swedish, but Old Gutnish diverged long before Old Danish did.Adjectives edit Adjectives and certain numerals were inflected according to the gender and case the noun they modified was.Modern Swedish : Dräper man en svensk eller en smålänning, en man ifrån konungariket, men ej en västgöte, så bötar man tretton marker och åtta örtugar, men ingen mansbot.Vtan (without utan in modern Swedish and w could also sometimes stand for the consonant-vowel combinations /vu/ and /uv dwa ( duva or dove).5 Late Old Swedish edit In contrast to the stable Early Old Swedish, Late Old Swedish ( yngre fornsvenska ; 13751526) experienced many changes, including a simplification of the grammatical system and a vowel shift, so that in the 16th century the language resembled modern.
If a Southerner is slain or an Englishman, he shall pay four marks to the plaintiff and two marks to the king.